
Successful computations of turbulent flows require some consideration during the mesh generation. Since turbulence (through the spatiallyvarying effective viscosity) plays a dominant role in the transport of mean momentum and other parameters, you must ascertain that the turbulence quantities in complex turbulent flows are properly resolved if high accuracy is required. Due to the strong interaction of the mean flow and turbulence, the numerical results for the turbulent flows tend to be more susceptible to mesh dependency than those for laminar flows.
It is therefore recommended that you resolve, with sufficiently fine meshes, the regions where the mean flow undergoes rapid changes and the shear layers with large strain rates.
You can check the nearwall mesh by displaying or plotting the values of
,
,
and
, which are all available in the postprocessing dialog boxes. It should be remembered that
,
, and Re
are not fixed, geometrical quantities. They are all solutiondependent. For example, when you double the mesh (thereby halving the wall distance), the new
does not necessarily become half of the
for the original mesh.
Different strategies must be used in the vicinity of the wall depending on the chosen nearwall option. Section 12.3.1 provides the general guidelines for the nearwall meshing.